What is the history of the Arabic language?

The Arabic language is spoken by almost 422 speakers around the world. It’s the official language of 22 countries in the Middle East and Africa. One of the most celebrated languages in the world and also the language of the Quran, the holy book of the Islamic religion. 

But how did it come to be in the first place? What is the story behind Arabic and how old is it? Well, let us begin by saying that the history of the Arabic language is as rich as the language itself. Let’s find out all about it. 

Arabic is a Semitic language that originated in the Arabian peninsula. Arabic comes from Arabic. The word Arab means nomadic in the old Assyrian language. Arabic has a rich history that can date back to the 4 century AD. Today Arabic has over 22 regional dialects and one official standard form.

What is the history of the Arabic language?

Arabic is a Semitic. A member of the Semitic family. Semitic languages are languages that originated from an ancient language that used to be spoken a long time ago. No one knows how the Semitic language originated or what exactly it sounded like but it must have been very close to its extensions.

Semitic languages are Arabic, Hebrew, Amharic, Phoenician, Aramaic, and Assyrian. Most of the Semitic languages are extinct or not spoken today Phoenician and some are still spoken like Arabic and Hebrew. 


When did the Arabic language start?

No one knows exactly when the Arabic language started. Historically the oldest written Arabic manuscript was from the fourth-century CE. Some linguists estimate the date to be about 1600 or 1000 years ago.

Some Islamic linguists even claim that the Arabic language is as old as time and was first spoken by Adam, the first of mankind. 

The oldest Arabic inscription, the Nammara, was found in Syria and mentions an ancient Arabic king. The king is Imru al-Qays ibn Amr who lived around 328 AD. It was written in Nabataean Arabic, an ancient form of the Arabic language.

What is the root of the Arabic language?

  • The Arabic language tree
  • Afro-Asiatic
  • Semitic
  • West Semitic
  • Central Semitic
  • North Arabian
  • Arabic
  • Proto-Arabic
  • Old Arabic
  • Old Hijazi
  • Classical Arabic
  • Modern Standard Arabic

How old is Arabic language?

No one knows for certain how old the Arabic language is. It is estimated by some linguists based on the evidence and the found manuscripts to be around 1600 old. However, there is no evidence or clues about who were the first people to have practiced or spoken the Arabic language. 


 How did the Arabic language originate?

The Arabic language was written undocumented and not formed with movements until the middle of the first century. When the people from different races and languages entered Islam and the Arabs mixed with them, fear appeared over the Holy Qur’an of distortion, so Abu Al-Aswad Al-Du’ali, an Arabic linguist, came up with a system to form the words of the Qur’an.

 Above it, below it, or to the left to indicate the tanween, and leaving the consonant letter without dots, but this formation was only used for the Holy Qur’an. and a dot below it to denote the kasra, a dot on its left to denote the damma, and two dots above it, under it, or on its left to denote the tanween, and leaving the consonantal letter without dots, but this formation was not used except for the Holy Qur’an[2] and in the second century AH.

Development of the Arabic Language 

 Al-Khalil bin Ahmed developed another method, so he placed a small alpha above the letter to denote the Fatiha, a small yaa under the letter to denote the kasrah, and a small waw above the letter to denote the dammah, and he would repeat the letter twice in case of tanween, and then this method developed for the form that is known today.  

When was the Arabic language developed?

As for the punctuation of the letters, it took place during the reign of Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, when Asim al-Laithi and Yahya ibn Yamar al-Adwani alphabetically arranged the letters, leaving the alphabetical order, and the international Arabic language entered the last third of the first century.

it moved with Islam to the neighboring Arabian Peninsula, where it became an official language in those regions, and its use became indicative of sophistication and social status. 

Before the end of the Umayyad era, the Arabic language entered the field of scientific writing after its heritage was limited to poetry.

Later on, each country or region speaks its own form of the Arabic language. However, until this day, all the Arabic countries study the standard form of Arabic and use it as the official language of formal communication, literature, and news, And you can studies Arabic language throw Arabic for Kids Course, Arabic for Adults


  1. The Arabic language is a Semitic language
  2. It’s the language of the Holy Quran
  3. Arabic is about 1600 years old
  4. The oldest Arabic Inscription was found in Syria
  5. Arabic linguists develop systems after Islam to preserve and curate the Arabic language
  6. Arabic was used to write all kinds of texts even scientific
  7. Today Arabic is spoken by 422 million people around the world
  8. It’s the official language of 22 countries 
  9. It has over 22 regional dialects and one standard form

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